Purpose: Bitcoin was created primarily as a digital currency to facilitate peer-to-peer transactions without the need for intermediaries, whereas Ethereum was designed to be a platform for decentralized applications (dApps) and smart contracts.
Market Capitalization: Bitcoin has the largest market capitalization of all cryptocurrencies, with a market cap of around $1 trillion as of March 2023, while Ethereum has a market cap of around $300 billion.
Transaction Speed and Fees: Ethereum has a faster transaction speed and lower transaction fees compared to Bitcoin, due to the differences in their underlying technologies.
Mining: Both Bitcoin and Ethereum are mined using a proof-of-work (PoW) consensus algorithm, but Ethereum is planning to transition to a proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus algorithm in the near future.
Supply: Bitcoin has a finite supply of 21 million coins, while Ethereum does not have a hard cap on its total supply.
Token Standards: Ethereum has several token standards, including ERC-20, which is widely used for creating new cryptocurrencies and initial coin offerings (ICOs), while Bitcoin does not have any token standards.
Development Community: Ethereum has a larger and more active development community than Bitcoin, with more developers working on building dApps and other decentralized technologies.
Use Cases: While Bitcoin is mainly used as a store of value and a means of payment, Ethereum has a wider range of use cases, including decentralized finance (DeFi), gaming, and digital identity.
Price Volatility: Both Bitcoin and Ethereum are known for their price volatility, with large price swings occurring over short periods of time.
Future Potential: Both Bitcoin and Ethereum have the potential to continue to grow and evolve in the future, with new use cases and technologies being developed on their respective platforms.